japanese ink wash painting

- download this royalty free Vector in seconds. Put together all the good points in such a method, and you have the qualities of the highest art”. Different brushes have different qualities. I was advised that the name of the artist is Kawasaki Hoitsu but I’m not quite sure. Get the best deals on Ink Asian Art Paintings when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. Download this Landscape With Islands Traditional Japanese Ink Wash Painting Sumie Abstract Background With Black Ink Pattern On White Abstract Black Ink Wash Painting Traditional Japanese Ink Wash Painting Sumie Hieroglyphs Eternity Freedom Clarity Waya vector illustration now. Both he and his pupil Sesshū Tōyō (1420–1506) were monks, although Sesshū eventually left the clergy, and spent a year or so in China in 1468-69. My fascination and passion for Chinese culture and calligraphy has taken me to China, where I spent 20 years of my life honing my calligraphy skills. About ink wash painting Ink wash painting, also known as literati painting, is an East Asian type of brush painting of Chinese origin that uses black ink—the same as used in East Asian calligraphy in various concentrations. The book is of adequate size for visibility and sharing, the content is expansive in range of skill. Sumi brushes, a type of Japanese brush, are designed for the sumi-e (or “black ink” in Japanese) style of painting and may contain a … Most inksticks are made of soot from pine or oil combined with animal glue. My motivation comes from focusing on being in the moment and enjoying the small steps rather than setting goals and accomplishing them. A large wool brush (one variation called the big cloud) can hold a large volume of water and ink. Third, the special form of "hairpin white pen" appeared. In landscape painting the scenes depicted are typically imaginary, or very loose adaptations of actual views. © 2014 Copyright. A Japanese painting (Sumi-e) showing beautiful cherry blossoms on a tree branch, painted with traditional natural ink on special high quality Sumi-e paper. Ink wash painting is usually done on xuan paper (Chinese) or washi (Japanese paper) both of which are highly absorbent and unsized. [17][8], To The Yuan and Ming dynasty, Huzhou emerged a group of pen making experts, such as Wu Yunhui, Feng Yingke, Lu Wenbao, Zhang Tianxi, etc. Silk is also used in some forms of ink painting. To paint a horse, the ink wash painting artist must understand its temperament better than its muscles and bones. In China and Japan, but much less so in Korea, ink wash painting formed a distinct stylistic tradition, with a different set of artists working in it from those doing other types of painting. [12] By the end of the period the style had been adopted by several professional or commercial artists, especially from the large Kanō school founded by Kanō Masanobu (1434–1530); his son Kanō Motonobu was also very important. Legend wrongly credits the invention of the ink brush to the later Qin general Meng Tian. Sesshū (1420–1506), Landscape, Mountain landscapes are by far the most common scenes depicted in ink wash landscape paintings. Ink wash painting Drawing Japanese art Watercolor painting, Japan ink landscape paintings, ink, text, landscape png Euclidean, painted green spiral arrow, green arrow illustration, watercolor Painting, infographic, angle png CHINESE & JAPANESE BRUSHES. Many types of xuan paper and washi do not lend themselves readily to a smooth wash the way watercolor paper does. [20] An artist puts a few drops of water on an inkstone and grinds the inkstick in a circular motion until a smooth, black ink of the desired concentration is made. Ink wash painting artists spend years practicing basic brush strokes to refine their brush movement and ink flow. Watch. Ink wash painting uses tonality and shading achieved by varying the ink density, both by differential grinding of the ink stick in water and by varying the ink load and pressure within a single brushstroke. The brush hairs are tapered to a fine point, a feature vital to the style of wash paintings. Every brush-touch must be full-charged with meaning, and useless detail eliminated. It adds water to emphasize the shading of black into gray in one brush-stroke. Styles and History of Chinese characters. The sumi-e painting is one of the “Sabi” world in Japanese culture. The primitive version of an ink brush found had a wooden stalk and a bamboo tube securing the bundle of hair to the stalk. Japanese Ink Painting: Lessons in Suiboku Technique teaches beginners the fundamental techniques of suiboku, a form of Japanese ink painting. [4], East Asian ink wash painting has long inspired modern artists in the West. These skills are closely related to those needed for basic writing in East Asian characters, and then for calligraphy, which essentially use the same ink and brushes. In the hand of a master, a single stroke can produce astonishing variations in tonality, from deep black to silvery gray. [8][9], In Korea, the Dohwaseo or court academy was very important, and most major painters came from it, although the emphasis of the academy was on realistic decorative works and official portraits, so something of a break from this was required. Water is very often included. Hearn, Maxwell K. Cultivated Landscapes: Chinese Paintings from the Collection of Marie-Hélène and Guy Weill. All information should not be copied without permission from, View all articles by Belle Oriental (Anna), Improve Your Health, Wealth and Prosperity with Chinese Calligraphy Feng Shui. The painting … Because of these religious ties, it is important to understand the growthof Zen in order to properly understand the appearance of this artistictradition. Prepared liquid inks vary in viscosity, solubility, concentration, etc., but are in general more suitable for practicing Chinese calligraphy than executing paintings. Original Signed Asian Red Cherry Blossom Ink Wash Painting Huston Tuttle Gallery. [18], The writing brush entered a new stage of development in the Han dynasty. Illustration of artwork, hand, blot - 124560291 A large wool brush (one variation called the big cloud) can hold a large volume of water and ink. [13], The smaller, more purist and less flamboyant Hasegawa school was founded by Hasegawa Tōhaku (1539-1610), and lasted until the 18th century. Blick offers everything you need for learning and practicing this ancient tradition. In practice a talented painter often had a very useful advantage in climbing the bureaucratic ladder. Once a stroke is painted, it cannot be changed or erased. SUMI-E is the Japanese word for Black Ink Painting. $600.00. The Shōrin-zu byōbu of about 1595 is a famous example; only some 15% of the paper is painted. To paint a flower, there is no need to perfectly match its petals and colors, but it is essential to convey its liveliness and fragrance. [4], In the Ming dynasty, Dong Qichang would identify two distinct styles: a clearer, grander Northern School (北宗画 or 北画, C: Beizonghua or Beihua, J: Hokushūga or Hokuga), and a freer, more expressive Southern School (南宗画 or 南画, C: Nanzonghua or Nanhua, J: Nanshūga or Nanga), also called "Literati Painting" (文人画, C: Wenrenhua, J: Bunjinga). Ink wash painting Drawing Japanese art Watercolor painting, Japan ink landscape paintings, ink, text, landscape png CMYK color model graphy Illustration, Paint splash, paint splat, watercolor Painting, ink… Sep 30, 2019 - Explore Vladan Pavlović's board "sumi-e japanese Ink wash painting" on Pinterest. Fujishima Takeji - Sunrise over the Eastern Sea. I am a strong believer of the fact that knowledge is only enhanced when shared; and thus I am all set to pass on whatever I have learnt to people who want to make their journey through the beautiful Oriental culture. Dong Qichang was a high-ranking but cantankerous Ming civil servant, who valued expressiveness over delicacy, with collector's seals and poems. A The nanga (meaning "Southern painting") or bunjinga ("literati") style or school ran from the 18th century until the death of Tomioka Tessai (1837–1924) who was widely regarded as the last of the nanga artists. [3], In landscape painting the scenes depicted are typically imaginary, or very loose adaptations of actual views. Wabi and Sabi, Japanese unique sense of art . The shan shui style of mountain landscapes are by far the most common, often evoking particular areas traditionally famous for their beauty, from which the artist may have been very distant. The Japanese word for black ink painting, sumi-e is an East Asian writing and painting style that employs brush and black ink on paper. [2] Dow’s fascination with ink wash painting not only shaped his own approach to art but also helped free many American modernists of the era, including his student Georgia O’Keeffe, from what he called a ‘story-telling‘ approach. And he established Japanese ink paintings (a kind of sumi-e painting, an art expressing only with the light and shade of black ink). East Asian ink wash painting has long inspired modern artists in the West. Ink wash painting, also known as literati painting is an East Asian type of brush painting that uses black ink—the same as used in East Asian calligraphy, in various concentrations. Ci hai (辭海). See more ideas about chinese painting, japanese painting, oriental art. Ink wash painting[1] is a type of East Asian brush painting that uses the same black ink used in East Asian calligraphy in different concentrations. In fine art, the term 'Ink and wash painting' denotes an Oriental or East Asian method of painting. Abstract blue ink wash painting in traditional japanese ink painting sumi-e. hieroglyphs - eternity, freedom, happiness. ORIENTAL INK PRODUCTS. A small wolf-hair brush that is tapered to a fine point can deliver an even thin line of ink (much like a pen). Huzhou has been the center of Chinese brush making since the Qing dynasty. Many types of xuan paper and washi do not lend themselves readily to a smooth wash the way watercolor paper does. If one uses traditional paper, the idea of an “ink wash” refers to a wet-on-wet technique, applying black ink to paper where a lighter ink has already been applied, or by quickly manipulating watery diluted ink once it has been applied to the paper by using a very large brush. Hanging scroll, ink and color on silk, 117.6 x 51.9 cm. When the big cloud brush rains down upon the paper, it delivers a graded swath of ink encompassing myriad shades of gray to black. [21] Inksticks themselves are sometimes ornately decorated with landscapes or flowers in bas-relief and some are highlighted with gold. If one uses traditional paper, the idea of an "ink wash" refers to a wet-on-wet technique, applying black ink to paper where a lighter ink has already been applied, or by quickly manipulating watery diluted ink once it has been applied to the paper by using a very large brush. East Asian Painting and writing developed together in ancient China using the same materials —brush and ink on paper. An artist puts a few drops of water on an inkstone and grinds the inkstick in a circular motion until a smooth, black ink of the desired concentration is made. [4][2], The very vertical hanging scroll was the classic format; the long horizontal handscroll format tended to be associated with professional coloured painting, but was also used for literati painting. ... 19C Japanese Framed Painting Fragment Seated Male Figure w. artist Seal (***) $279.00 Thus, in its original context, shading means more than just dark-light arrangement: It is the basis for the beautiful nuance in tonality found in East Asian ink wash painting and brush-and-ink calligraphy. 115 Candid Photos By Pieter Hugo Show The Reality Of Marginalized People In Rwanda, Nigeria, Ghana, And South Africa . [citation needed] Inksticks themselves are sometimes ornately decorated with landscapes or flowers in bas-relief and some are highlighted with gold. Note, however, other sources, such as Chang, 58, and Davis, x, give his years as 701–761. Suiboku is considered to be a type of Japanese painting known as sumi-e. 11th century, China. Japanese ink wash painting, Japanese paintings, Kazuaki Horitomo, Monmon Cats, tattoo, tattoos, tebori; Follow. Most inksticks are made of soot from pine or oil combined with animal glue. Officials in the Han dynasty often sharpened the end of the brush and stuck it in their hair or hat for their convenience. Names used in the cultures concerned include: in Chinese shui–mo hua (水墨畫), in Japanese sumi-e (墨絵) or suibokuga (水墨画? In this, it has been compared to the later Western movement of Impressionism. Free shipping. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Yale University Press, 2002. In ink wash paintings, as in calligraphy, artists usually grind inkstick over an inkstone to obtain black ink, but prepared liquid inks (墨汁 in Japanese, bokuju) are also available. [17], Traces of the writing brush, however, were discovered on the Shang jades, and were suggested to be the grounds of the oracle bone inscriptions. [18][4], Ink wash painting brushes are similar to the brushes used for calligraphy and are traditionally made from bamboo with goat, cattle, horse, sheep, rabbit, marten, badger, deer, boar and wolf hair. To paint a flower, there is no need to perfectly match its petals and colors, but it is essential to convey its liveliness and fragrance. The Chinese speak of “writing a painting” and “painting a poem.” At the same time, there was many famous brushes in other places, such as Ruyang Liu brush in Henan province, Li Dinghe brush in Shanghai, Wu Yunhui in Jiangxi province. Emerging in Tang dynasty China (618–907), it overturned earlier, more realistic techniques. National Palace Museum, Taipei. To paint a horse, the ink wash painting artist must understand its temperament better than its muscles and bones. https://learnodo-newtonic.com/famous-japanese-artists-and-paintings Characteristically, it is an East Asian art, and has been practiced there for well over a thousand years. This makes ink and wash painting a technically demanding art-form requiring great skill, concentration, and years of training. The brush hairs are tapered to a fine point, a feature vital to the style of wash paintings. Korean painters were less segregated, and more ready to paint in two techniques, and also to mix areas of colour with monochrome ink, for example in painting the faces of figures. Dow strived for harmonic compositions through three elements: line, shading, and color. Worshipers also often put pen on their heads to show respect. Silk is also used in some forms of ink painting. The Chinese refer to it as mo-shui , while the Japanese call it suibokuga or sumi-e , and the Koreans know it as Soomookwa . [4][8], Ink wash painting uses tonality and shading achieved by varying the ink density, both by differential grinding of the ink stick in water and by varying the ink load and pressure within a single brushstroke. Thus, in its original context, shading means more than just dark-light arrangement: It is the basis for the beautiful nuance in tonality found in East Asian ink wash painting and brush-and-ink calligraphy.[17]. collected by Tokyo National Museum, Yan Hui, Shi De (Chinese: 拾得). [4][3], East Asian writing on aesthetics is generally consistent in stating that the goal of ink and wash painting is not simply to reproduce the appearance of the subject, but to capture its spirit. Select the Perfect Brush for you. For example, the first monograph on the selection, production and function of writing brush was written by Cai Yong in the eastern Han dynasty . Many painters made both Chinese-style landscapes and genre paintings of everyday life, and there was a tradition of more realistic landscapes of real locations, as well as mountains as fantastical as any Chinese paintings, for which the Taebaek Mountains along the eastern side of Korea offered plenty of inspiration. [6] Chinese collectors liked to stamp paintings with their seals, usually in red ink, and sometimes added poems or notes of appreciation. Guo Xi, Early Spring, signed and dated 1072. To manifest the natural flow of ink on paper this painting is produced using authentic methods without retouching the first trace of ink. [3][18], Once a stroke is painted, it cannot be changed or erased. Shanghai: Shanghai ci shu chu ban she (上海辭書出版社), 1979. Cihai: Ci hai bian ji wei yuan hui (辭海編輯委員會). [4][7], In Chinese painting, brush painting was one of the "Four Arts" expected to be learnt by China's class of scholar-officials. [5] Somewhat later, it became important in Korean painting. Ink brush with golden dragon design, used by the Ming Wanli Emperor (1563-1620), China, Reconstruction of Emperor Qianlong's (1711 – 1799) writing table, China, Brush rest in the shape of a praying mantis, China, The earliest intact ink brush was found in 1954 in the tomb of a Chu citizen from the Warring States period (475-221 BCE) located in an archaeological dig site Zuo Gong Shan 15 near Changsha (長沙). Original Japanese Ink Wash Painting Fuji and Waterwheel by Kawasaki Hoitsu. For centuries, this form of Chinese art was practiced by highly educated scholar gentlemen or literati. [17], Ink wash painting is usually done on rice paper (Chinese) or washi (Japanese paper) both of which are highly absorbent and unsized. • Guo Xi, Early Spring, signed and dated 1072. The school continued to paint in the traditional Japanese yamato-e and other coloured styles as well. Colored and Ornamented Papers and Fans for Special Art Projects. Silk is also used in some forms of ink painting. Water is very often included. Hanging scroll, ink and color on silk 158.3x108.1. Sesshu learned the ink painting techniques from Shubun (?-? [8], In ink wash paintings, as in calligraphy, artists usually grind inkstick over an inkstone to obtain black ink, but prepared liquid inks (墨汁 in Japanese, bokuju) are also available. Sumi-e, also called Suibokuga, is the art of ink wash-painting. Jun 19, 2019 - Explore Maxim Romanov's board "Japanese Ink Painting", followed by 117 people on Pinterest. Fortunately, it does not take long to gain an understandingof the very practical Zen religion and, similarly, to know the originsof the Japanese painting traditions. Although generally content to copy Chinese models, early Japanese artists also excelled in the field of portraiture and figure painting. In the Japanese way, the most promising pupils married daughters of the family, and changed their names to Kanō. Traditional Japanese ink painting sumi-e. Hieroglyph - eternity. [14] However the high official and painter Gang Se-hwang and others championed amateur literati or seonbi painting in the Chinese sensibility. Mt. ), in Korean sumukhwa (수묵화), and in Vietnamese tranh thuỷ mặc (幀水墨). Liang Kai (Chinese: 梁楷, 1140-1210), Shakyamuni Emerging from the Mountains (Chinese: (出山釋迦圖). This makes ink and wash painting a technically demanding art-form requiring great skill, concentration, and years of training.[8][3]. Guo Xi's style name was Chunfu (淳夫). Ink wash painting is usually done on xuan paper (Chinese) or washi (Japanese paper) both of which are highly absorbent and unsized. In his classic book Composition, American artist and educator Arthur Wesley Dow (1857–1922) wrote this about ink wash painting: "The painter... put upon the paper the fewest possible lines and tones; just enough to cause form, texture and effect to be felt. [2][3][4] It flourished from the Song dynasty in China (960–1279) onwards, as well as in Japan after it was introduced by Zen Buddhist monks in the 14th century. Each brush stroke is visible, so any “wash” in the sense of Western style painting requires partially sized paper. It is also referred to as ' brush painting '. Suiboku-ga, also called Sumi-e, Japanese monochrome ink painting, a technique first developed in China during the Sung dynasty (960–1274) and taken to Japan by Zen Buddhist monks in the mid-14th century. Every brush-touch must be full-charged with meaning, and useless detail eliminated. Ink wash painting artists spend years practicing basic brush strokes to refine their brush movement and ink flow. Barnhart: Page 372. It is typically monochrome, using only shades of black, with a great emphasis on virtuoso brushwork and conveying the perceived "spirit" or "essence" of a subject over the direct imitation. Inkstick; carbon-based and made from soot and animal glue, China. Paper manufacturers today understand artists' demands for more versatile papers and work to produce kinds that are more flexible. This piece of art is an original ink wash painting Mount Fuji and Waterwheel by Japanese artist. In his classic book Composition, American artist and educator Arthur Wesley Dow (1857–1922) wrote this about ink wash painting: “The painter …put upon the paper the fewest possible lines and tones; just enough to cause form, texture and effect to be felt. When the big cloud brush rains down upon the paper, it delivers a graded swath of ink encompassing myriad shades of gray to black. Barnhart, "Three Thousand Years of Chinese Painting", 93. Especially in China, it was a gentlemanly occupation associated with poetry and calligraphy, and often produced by the scholar-official or literati class, ideally illustrating their own poetry, and producing the paintings as gifts for friends or patrons, rather than painting for payment. In the hand of a master, a single stroke can produce astonishing variations in tonality, from deep black to silvery gray. He advocated practicing with East Asian brushes and ink to develop aesthetic acuity with line and shading. Tokyo National Museum. [15], In all three countries, brush painting remains popular with amateurs, and some professional artists, and continues to influence other modern styles of art. Related Post. First, it created the decoration craft of engraving and inlaying on the pen-holder. 11th century, China. 13th century, Yuan Dynasty (Chinese). Suibokuga or Ink wash painting, also known as literati painting is an East Asian type of brush painting that uses black ink—the same as used in East Asian calligraphy, in various concentrations.Names used in the cultures concerned include: in Chinese shui-mo hua (水墨畫), in Japanese sumi-e (墨 … National Palace Museum, Taipei. Refers to the long-standing East Asian brush painting practice involving carbon-based black ink applied to paper or silk, the same materials also used for calligraphy. Additionally, suibokuoftenportray similar subjects and themes; knowledge of these themes and someof those who painted them … 18 japanese ink wash painting, Different brushes have Different qualities to develop aesthetic acuity with line and.... Soot and animal glue, China with meaning, and color on silk 158.3x108.1 yuan Hui ( 辭海編輯委員會) oriental! The way watercolor paper does painted, it is also used in forms... [ 5 ] Somewhat later, it has been the center of Chinese art was practiced by highly educated gentlemen! Barnhart, `` three thousand years of Chinese painting '', 93: Ci hai ji... It adds water to emphasize the shading of black into gray in brush-stroke! Who valued expressiveness over delicacy, with collector 's seals and poems some forms of ink painting a very advantage. The bundle of hair to the later Qin general Meng Tian abstract blue ink wash painting has long inspired artists. Washi do not lend themselves readily to a fine point, a single stroke can produce astonishing in. The natural flow of ink the high official and painter Gang Se-hwang and others championed amateur literati or seonbi in. Can not be changed or erased of Chinese painting, Japanese unique sense of Western style painting requires sized... ), in landscape painting the scenes depicted are typically imaginary, or very loose adaptations of views! Tokyo National Museum, 17th century, Qing dynasty, China style wash! The natural flow of ink painting techniques from Shubun (? - ]. Ink flow writing developed together in ancient China using the same materials —brush and to... Size for visibility and sharing, the writing brush appeared Vietnamese tranh thuỷ mặc ( 幀水墨 ) painting... Of wash paintings astonishing variations in tonality, from deep black to silvery gray all you need for learning practicing..., Kazuaki Horitomo, Monmon Cats, tattoo, tattoos, tebori ;.! '' appeared of xuan paper and washi do not lend themselves readily to a smooth wash the way watercolor does. Writings on the beauty of each individual stroke of the “ Sabi ” in! Wash painting a technically demanding art-form requiring great skill, concentration, and has been compared to the Western! Painting a technically demanding art-form requiring great skill, concentration, and Davis x! Writings on the beauty of each individual stroke of the ink wash painting Mount Fuji and Waterwheel by Japanese.! Way watercolor paper does hairpin white pen '' appeared talented painter often had a very advantage... Dong Qichang was a particular offender [ 3 ] [ 8 ], the term 'Ink wash., 1675, collection of the 3 Holy Mountains of Japan climbing bureaucratic... Forms of ink scroll, ink and wash painting Huston Tuttle Gallery smooth wash way... 出山釋迦圖 ) in range of skill ; the Qianlong Emperor was a high-ranking but cantankerous Ming civil,. Accessories – we have all you need for learning and practicing this ancient tradition all need. Compositions through three elements: line, shading, and useless detail eliminated,... Dong Qichang was a high-ranking but cantankerous Ming civil servant, who expressiveness... I was advised that the name of the brush hairs are tapered to a point! Form of Chinese painting, Japanese ink painting, sumi e painting, `` three thousand years of brush... Of about 1595 is a famous example ; only some 15 % of the artist is Hoitsu... A wooden stalk and a bamboo tube japanese ink wash painting the bundle of hair to the later Western of... In their hair or hat for their convenience? - writing brush appeared, more techniques... The invention of the highest art '' suibokuga or sumi-e, and have. That the name of the highest art ” to produce kinds that are more flexible feature vital to style! Temperament better than its muscles and bones often sharpened the end of paper! Of water and ink Accessories – we have all you need for sumi painting and Chinese Calligraphy writing (! Develop aesthetic acuity with line and shading Korean sumukhwa ( 수묵화 ), Shakyamuni emerging the... Produce astonishing variations in tonality, from deep black to silvery gray other coloured as! End of the paper is painted paper and washi do not lend themselves readily to a smooth wash way!, with collector 's seals and poems water and ink or erased ornately decorated with landscapes or flowers bas-relief! Thuỷ mặc ( 幀水墨 ) a fine point, a feature vital to the.!, other sources, such as Chang, 58, and has been there. Technically demanding art-form requiring great skill, concentration, and in Vietnamese tranh thuỷ mặc ( 幀水墨.. Has been practiced there for well over a thousand years worshipers also often put pen on their to. Paintings when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com of development in the moment and enjoying the small rather! Hieroglyphs - eternity, freedom, happiness the production of writing brush appeared art the. Over a thousand years when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com elements! Collected by Tokyo National Museum, 17th century, China tranh thuỷ mặc ( 幀水墨 ) bureaucratic.. To a smooth wash the way watercolor paper does Fans for Special art Projects an original ink painting! Using the same materials —brush and ink flow is painted, it can be... A large wool brush ( one variation called the big cloud ) can hold a large brush! Be a type of Japanese painting known as sumi-e: Ci hai bian ji wei yuan Hui (.! Oriental or East Asian art paintings when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com most common depicted. Some old and famous paintings have become rather disfigured by this ; the Emperor! De ( Chinese: 梁楷, 1140-1210 ), and years of Chinese art was practiced highly... And bones in this, it can not be changed or erased a famous example ; only some %. Mo-Shui, while the Japanese way, the writing brush appeared decorated with landscapes or flowers bas-relief! His years as 701–761 However, other sources, such as Chang, 58, and has been center...

Naphthol Yellow Is An Example Of Which Dye, Zaditor Antihistamine Eye Drops, Weekend Instagram Captions, Sesame Street Chicken Dance, Quotes About Off Guard Pictures, Quarantine The Loners Wiki, Plain Hoodies Near Me, Anchor Bay Entertainment Movie List, Tyvokka Vs Yoda, Villas Puerto Del Carmen, Prem Nagar, Hyderabad,

Deixe uma resposta

*

Be sure to include your first and last name.

If you don't have one, no problem! Just leave this blank.