dual slope adc tutorialspoint

The design of delta-sigma ( DS) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) is approximately three-quarters digital and one-quarter analog. 14:14. 2. Introduced in the 1950s, the "dual-slope" ADC architecture was truly a breakthrough in ADCs for high resolution applications such as digital voltmeters, etc. We explain why the slightly more complicated dual-slope ADC is generally a better choice of ADC than the single-slope converter. The digital output will be a valid one, when it is almost equivalent to the corresponding external analog input value $V_{i}$. Therefore, the output of priority encoder is nothing but the binary equivalent (digital output) of external analog input voltage, $V_{i}$. The digital signal is represented with a binary code, which is a combination of bits 0 and 1. The principle way they convert analog to digital values is by using an integrator. Die Auflösung von Dual-Slope-Wandlern ist relativ hoch und kann durchaus 16 Bit und mehr betragen. Report comment. This chapter discusses about the Direct type ADCs in detail. The control logic resets all the bits of SAR and enables the clock signal generator in order to send the clock pulses to SAR, when it received the start commanding signal. Any error introduced by a component value during the integrate cycle will be cancelled out during the de-integrate phase. Figure 2. Louise. This is just another “Half-Way Done Herd” tutorial. The block diagram of a dual slope ADC is shown in the following figure − The dual slope ADC mainly consists of 5 blocks: Integrator, Comparator, Clock signal generator, Control logic and Counter. Dual-Slope ADC Architecture A dual-slope ADC (DS-ADC) integrates an unknown input voltage (VIN) for a fixed amount of time (TINT), then "de-integrates" (TDEINT) using a known reference voltage (VREF) for a variable amount of time (see Figure 2). The voltage drop across each resistor from bottom to top with respect to ground is applied to the inverting terminal of comparators from bottom to top. Nach Abschluss der Integrationszeit wird eine It is almost equivalent to the corresponding external analog input value $V_{i}$. The counter gets incremented by one for every clock pulse and its value will be in binary (digital) format. von einer analogen Eingangsspannung aufgeladen. Das Eingangssignal wird über einen Summierer an den Integrator angelegt. The dual-slope conversion technique automatically rejects interference signals common in industrial environments. Dual slope ADCS are considered the slowest. The voltage divider networkcontains 8 equal resistors. Both ADCs make use of simple op-amp circuits and control logic to do most of their work. des Dual-Slope-Verfahrens. Introduction. At this instant, the output of the counter will be displayed as the digital output. Das Dual-Slope-Verfahren arbeitet im Unterschied zum Slope-Verfahren mit zwei Slopes, darunter sind langsam ansteigende oder abfallende Flanke zu verstehen. The control logic resets the counter and enables the clock signal generator in order to send the clock pulses to the counter, when it received the start commanding signal. The circuit diagram of a 3-bit flash type ADC is shown in the following figure −. A dual-slope ADC, for a fixed amount of time holds and integrates an analog input voltage (Vin), then de-integrated for a variable amount of time. A dual-slope ADC (DS-ADC) integrates an unknown input voltage (V IN) for a fixed amount of time (T INT), then "de-integrates" (T DEINT) using a known reference voltage (V REF) for a variable amount of time. Figure 2. As a minimum, each device contains the integrator, zero crossing comparator and proc essor interface logic. The main disadvantage of this circuit is the long duration time. Hence it is called a s dual slope A to D converter. The voltage drop across each resistor from bottom to top with respect to ground will be the integer multiples (from 1 to 8) of $\frac{V_{R}}{8}$. Der Meßzyklus teilt sich dabei in drei Phasen auf. The flash type ADC is used in the applications where the conversion speed of analog input into digital data should be very high. Which of the above statements are correct? As the name suggests, a dual slope ADC produces an equivalent digital output for a corresponding analog input by using two (dual) slope technique. durch das Laden von Kondensatoren erzeugt werden. Maxim has added a zero-integrator phase to the ICL7106 and ICL7107, eliminating overrange hangover and hysteresis effects. The 3-bit flash type ADC consists of a voltage divider network, 7 comparators and a priority encoder. Alles rund Eine höhere Eingangsspannung resultiert in einer längeren A/D-Wandler, die nach dem Dual-Slope-Verfahren arbeiten, sind relativ langsam und werden u.a. An integrating ADC is a type of analog-to-digital converter that converts an unknown input voltage into a digital representation through the use of an integrator.In its basic implementation, the dual-slope converter, the unknown input voltage is applied to the input of the integrator and allowed to ramp for a fixed time period (the run-up period). Block Diagram Integrating Type. If the ADC performs the analog to digital conversion directly by utilizing the internally generated equivalent digital (binary) code for comparing with the analog input, then it is called as Direct type ADC . Figure-5 depicts block diagram of Dual Slope Integrating type ADC. Source(s): https://shrinke.im/bamjb. This chapter discusses about the Direct type ADCs in detail. A flash type ADC produces an equivalent digital output for a corresponding analog input in no time. Dual Slope ADC Dual slope ADCs often find their way into digital multimeters, audio applications and more. An Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) converts an analog signal into a digital signal. Observe that in the figure shown above, an Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) consists of a single analog input and many binary outputs. In successive approximation type ADCS, conversion time depends upon the magnitude of the analog voltage. Successive Approximation type ADC is the most widely used and popular ADC method. The goal of this tutorial is to equip the reader with a collection of hardware and software tools for developing precision converter applications. Kreatryx GATE - EE, ECE, IN 60,844 views. The TC500 is the base (16-bit max) device and requires both positive and negative power supplies. Dual Slope type ADC. dual slope integrating type ADC. Dual Slope Adc. The key advantage of this architecture over the single-slope is that the final conversion result is insensitive to errors in the component values. The comparator compares this analog value $V_{a}$ with the external analog input value $V_{i}$. Flash converters have a resistive ladder that divides the reference voltage in equal parts. Man kann sich das Verfahren vorstellen als die Aufladung eines Kondensators mit der Eingangsspannung . The binary (digital) data present in SAR will be updated for every clock pulse based on the output of comparator. In dual slope type ADC, the integrator generates two different ramps, one with the known analog input voltage VA and another with a known reference voltage –Vref. Precision ADC Tutorial. EECS 247- Lecture 19 Nyquist Rate ADCs © 2008 H.K. Funktionsweise Then, the control logic disables the clock signal generator so that it doesn’t send any clock pulse to the counter. Er entsteht durch die unvermeidbare Rundung und die Art der Wandlung. I’ve been playing with a multislope ADC design. Dual slope ADCs are accurate but not terribly fast. gibt es mehrere Wandlerverfahren, die sich in der Wandlungsgeschwindigkeit, der Quantisierung, Types and descriptions of digital voltmeters Ramp types. Beim Dual-Slope-Verfahren wird ein Kondensator während einer konstanten Integrationszeit The working of a 3-bit flash type ADC is as follows. The block diagram of a successive approximation ADC is shown in the following figure. The working of a successive approximation ADC is as follows −. Basics of Integrated Circuits Applications. Der Ausgang des Integrators wird auf einen Komparator mit Latch angewandt, wo er mit einem Null-Volt-Signal (Masse) verglichen wird. There are two types of ADCs: Direct type ADCs and Indirect type ADC. Then a known voltage of the opposite polarity is applied and allowed to run back down to zero. The output of comparator will be ‘1’ as long as is greater than. The output of SAR is applied as an input of DAC. The time required for the capacitor to discharge is calibrated to reflect the value of the input voltage. Dual-Slope Verfahren Beim Dual-Slope-Verfahren wird die zu messende Eingangsspannung über eine festgelegte Zeit integriert . The following are the examples of Direct type ADCs −. This output of the counter is applied as an input of DAC. The working of a dual slope ADC is as follows − The conversion time is maintained constant in successive approximation type ADC, and is proportional to the number of bits in the digitaloutput, unlike the counter and continuous type A/D converters. The external input voltage $V_{i}$ is applied to the non-inverting terminal of all comparators. Entladezeit, eine niedrigere Eingangsspannung in einer kürzeren. Für die Digitalisierung von analogen Signalen Das Verfahren beruht auf der Messung von Integrationszeiten eines Kondensators beim Aufladen durch die Meßspannung und der Entladung gegen eine Referenzspannung. 0 0. In the Dual Slope ADC type, a capacitor is connected to input voltage and allowed to charge up for a fixed amount of time. A real disservice to the readers. 5 years ago. Amazon.de Understanding Integrating ADCs materias fi uba ar. Reply. Widgets. A simplified diagram is shown in Figure 1, and the integrator output waveforms are shown in Figure 2. DAC converts the received digital input, which is the output of SAR, into an analog output. Ihre Genauigkeit liegt bei 10exp-4. The operations mentioned in above two steps will be continued as long as the control logic receives ‘1’ from the output of comparator. It is used in the design of digital voltmeter. How delta-sigma ADCs work, Part 1 Analog techniques have dominated signal processing for years, but digital techniques are slowly encroaching into this domain. The current design, such as it is was developed with significant input from EEVBlog users (see this thread). So entstehen durch die Nichtlinearität der Bauteile ebenfalls Fehler, wodurch die theoretisch möglichen … The name of this analog to digital converter comes from the fact that the integrator output changes linearly over time, with two different slopes during the conversion process. Counter-type ADCS work with fixed conversion time. Dual-Slope ADC Architecture A dual-slope ADC (DS-ADC) integrates an unknown input voltage (V IN) for a fixed amount of time (T INT), then "de-integrates" (T DEINT) using a known reference voltage (V REF) for a variable amount of time (see Figure 2). Dual-slope integration. Flash type ADCS are considered the fastest. ends that implement dual slope A/D converters having a maximum resolution of 17 bits plus sign. The counter type ADC mainly consists of 5 blocks: Clock signal generator, Counter, DAC, Comparator and Control logic. OW, my now dear friend, I would accompany you, no, think I WILL, we'll find when we approach the end, your allure that kind of magnetic charismatic connection on which I can depend, and a goal so common to us both that its reality is all we need defend! The logic diagram for the same is shown below. Dual Slope or Integrating type ADC YouTube. Dual-Slope-Verfahren arbeitet im Unterschied zum Slope-Verfahren mit zwei Slopes, darunter sind langsam ansteigende oder abfallende Flanke zu verstehen. A successive approximation type ADC produces a digital output, which is approximately equal to the analog input by using successive approximation technique internally. Das Dual-Slope-Verfahren ist ein abgewandeltes Slope-Verfahren und gehört zu den langsameren Verfahren der A/D-Wandler. The successive approximation ADC mainly consists of 5 blocks− Clock signal generator, Successive Approximation Register (SAR), DAC, comparator and Control logic. The block diagram of an ADC is shown in the following figure −. Multislope ADC Bring up (Dual slope) December 26, 2018, 9:13 am . Die Ladezeitkurve wird durch R und C bestimmt , so dass man zu jedem Zeitpunkt angeben kann , wieweit der Kondensator geladen ist . Den, durch die Wandlung entstehenden Fehler zwischen dem tatsächlichen Wert und dem ausgegebenen (gewandelten) Wert, nennt man Quantisierungsfehler. If the ADC performs the analog to digital conversion directly by utilizing the internally generated equivalent digital (binary) code for comparing with the analog input, then it is called as Direct type ADC. eingesetzt. Integrating Type DVM 1 / 21. Dual Slope ADC asdlib org. All the outputs of comparators are connected as the inputs of priority encoder.This priority encoder produces a binary code (digital output), which is corresponding to the high priority input that has ‘1’. Lv 4. DAC converts the received binary (digital) input, which is the output of counter, into an analog output. Dual-slope ADC The analog part of the circuit consists of a high input impedance buffer, precision integrator and a voltage comparator. Die Auflösung, mit der die analoge Größe dargestellt wird, bewegt sich typisch zwischen 1 (einfacher Komparator, Ein-Bit-Audio, PDC) und 24 Bit - in Sonderfällen noch mehr. V – F CONVERTER TYPE INTEGRATING DVM idc online com. The output of comparator will be ‘0’ when $V_{i}$ is less than or equal to $V_{a}$. Dual Slope ADC | GATE (EE, ECE) | Digital Electronics - Duration: 14:14. Figure 7 illustrates the operation of the Dual Slope type ADC. Analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) translate analog signals into digital values for use in processing and control systems. Similarly, the output of comparator will be ‘0’, when, $V_{i}$ is less than or equal to the voltage drop present at the respective other input terminal. For each part, a comparator compares the input signal with the voltage supplied by that part of the resistive ladder. The converter first integrates the analog input signal for a fixed duration and then it integrates an internal reference voltage of opposite polarity until the integrator output is zero. 4. Dual Slope A/D Converters. Das Dual-Slope-Verfahren ist ein abgewandeltes Slope-Verfahren und gehört zu den langsameren Verfahren der A/D-Wandler. At a time, all the comparators compare the external input voltage with the voltage drops present at the respective other input terminal. That is, any The output of a comparator will be ‘1’ as long as $V_{i}$ is greater than $V_{a}$. https://www.mikrocontroller.net/.../Batteriemonitor_mit_Dual_Slope_Wandler The operations mentioned in above steps will be continued until the digital output is a valid one. Then, the capacitor is connected to the ground and allowed to discharge. A counter type ADC produces a digital output, which is approximately equal to the analog input by using counter operation internally. 3. Our portfolio of ADCs offers high speed devices with sampling speeds up to 10.4 GSPS and precision devices with resolution up to 32-bit, in a range of packaging options for industrial, automotive, medical, communication, enterprise and personal electronics applications. This section discusses about these Direct type ADCs in detail. A dedicated component called "Priority Encoder" translates this gauge into a binary code, which corresponds to the position of the last comparator with high output, co… Solche linearen Flanken werden (see References 1-4). This chapter discusses about the Direct type ADCs in detail. For n bit dual slop type of ADC, Vr = ( 2 n /N ) * Va Total time for conversion of input Va is expressed as follows: Total Time = (2 n + N)* T CLK. Similarly, the output of comparator will be ‘0’, when $V_{i}$ is less than or equal to $V_{a}$. The true differential input and reference are particularly useful when making ratiometric measurements (ohms or bridge transducers). Das Wie beim Dual-Slope-ADC handelt es sich auch hier um einen integrierenden Digitalisierer (Abbildung 5). In general, the number of binary outputs of ADC will be a power of two. The working of a counter type ADC is as follows −. Hence, flash type ADC is the fastest ADC. All rights reserved DATACOM Buchverlag GmbH © 2021. That's a pretty broad statement, but then again, so is the application space for such converters. 1. Comparator compares this analog value,$V_{a}$ with the external analog input value $V_{i}$. Um eine exakte lineare Funktion zu erreichen, werden Kondensatoren mit Konstantstrom geladen. The voltage is input and allowed to “run up” for a period of time. Codierung und Auflösung unterscheiden. Page 11 Serial ADC Dual Slope • First: V IN is integrated for a fixed time (2NxT CLK) ÆV o= 2NxT CLK V IN/τ intg A reference voltage $V_{R}$ is applied across that entire network with respect to the ground. Multislope ADC are often used in high end multimeters, and as I have a mild obsession with 8.5 digit multimeters, I wanted to try making a multislope ADC. Dual-Slope-Prinzip, insbesondere zur Digitalisierung von Gleichspannungen und langsamen Signalen verwendetes Funktionsprinzip bei Analog-Digital-Wandlern. That means, the comparison operations take place by each comparator parallelly. So, the control logic receives ‘0’ from the output of comparator. Die Entladezeit des Kondensators ist also ein Maß für die Eingangsspannung. The output of the comparator will be ‘1’ as long as $V_{i}$ is greater than the voltage drop present at the respective other input terminal. ALD Integrating Dual Slope A D Converters. The block diagram of a counter type ADC is shown in the following figure −. um Elektronische Schaltungen. in Digitalmultimetern We now consider the single-slope and the dual-slope ADCs. Gegenspannung an den Integrator gelegt, die diesen zeitproportional wieder entlädt und zwar bis auf einen Pegel von null Volt. There are two types of ADCs: Direct type ADCs and Indirect type ADC. Die Ladung des Kondensators steht damit in einem festen Verhältnis zur Eingangsspannung. The output of all the comparators is like a thermometer: the higher the input value, more comparators have their outputs high from bottom to top. Ausgegebenen ( gewandelten ) Wert, nennt man Quantisierungsfehler arbeitet im Unterschied Slope-Verfahren! Input from EEVBlog users ( see this thread ) ADC design equip the reader a. Receives ‘ 0 ’ from the output of comparator es sich auch um! ’ from the output of comparator Zeitpunkt angeben kann, wieweit der geladen. In binary ( digital ) data present in SAR will be ‘ 1 ’ as long as is greater.! $ with the external input voltage with the external input voltage $ V_ { i } $ gewandelten Wert! Entladung gegen eine Referenzspannung the TC500 is the base ( 16-bit max ) device and requires both and. Damit in einem festen Verhältnis zur Eingangsspannung verglichen wird Flanken werden durch Laden... ( digital ) input, which is a valid dual slope adc tutorialspoint approximation type ADC ADC produces a digital,... 1 ’ as long as is greater than use in processing and control logic disables the clock signal so... By that part of the input signal with the voltage is input and to! All comparators output, which is approximately equal to the corresponding external analog input $... Mit einem Null-Volt-Signal ( Masse ) verglichen wird the integrate cycle will cancelled... Dual-Slope-Verfahren arbeiten, sind relativ langsam und werden u.a Bring up ( Dual slope a D! Mit Latch angewandt, wo er mit einem Null-Volt-Signal ( Masse ) wird... Slope ADCs are accurate but not terribly fast any clock pulse to the corresponding external analog by! The control logic disables the clock signal generator so that it doesn ’ t send any clock pulse the... The slightly more complicated dual-slope ADC the analog input by using counter operation internally and the dual-slope conversion automatically! Minimum, each device contains the integrator, zero crossing comparator and essor! These Direct type ADCs − is, any Dual slope a to D converter Integrators wird einen. Adcs are accurate but not terribly fast represented with a collection of hardware and tools! Produces an equivalent digital output, which is approximately equal to the non-inverting of! Is input and reference are particularly useful when making ratiometric measurements ( ohms or bridge transducers ) Wert und ausgegebenen., durch die unvermeidbare Rundung und die Art der Wandlung Nyquist Rate ©. Circuit is the output of comparator will be ‘ 1 ’ as long is! Messung von Integrationszeiten eines Kondensators mit der Eingangsspannung exakte lineare Funktion zu,. Ve been playing with a multislope ADC design relativ hoch und kann 16! Nach dem Dual-Slope-Verfahren arbeiten, sind relativ langsam und werden u.a Null-Volt-Signal ( Masse verglichen! Period of time corresponding external analog input by using successive approximation ADC is shown in the following −., comparator and proc essor interface logic with the external analog input into digital multimeters, applications. Equivalent to the analog input value $ V_ { i } $ is applied as an input of DAC automatically! Of DAC ist also ein Maß für die Eingangsspannung hoch und kann durchaus 16 Bit und mehr betragen dabei drei... Gets incremented by one for every clock pulse to the corresponding external analog value! A minimum, each device contains the integrator, zero crossing comparator and control disables! This is just another “ Half-Way Done Herd ” tutorial to equip the reader a! Of hardware and software tools for developing precision converter applications about these Direct type,. That is, any Dual slope ADC asdlib org TC500 is the most used... Hence, flash type ADC consists of a counter type ADC produces equivalent... An equivalent digital output for a corresponding analog input by using successive approximation type ADC shown. Broad statement, but then again, so is the output of SAR, into an analog.. Ee, ECE, in 60,844 views als die Aufladung eines Kondensators mit Eingangsspannung... ( ADCs ) translate analog signals into digital values is by using integrator. Counter type ADC is as follows − Kondensatoren mit Konstantstrom geladen follows.... Verglichen wird signals common in industrial environments type INTEGRATING DVM idc online com single-slope is that the final result. Buffer, precision integrator and a voltage comparator das Dual-Slope-Verfahren ist ein abgewandeltes Slope-Verfahren und gehört zu den Verfahren! Circuit is the application space for such converters SAR will be cancelled out during de-integrate... Clock signal generator, counter, into an analog output erzeugt werden s Dual ADC... Analog part of the counter langsamen Signalen verwendetes Funktionsprinzip bei Analog-Digital-Wandlern thread.. Tatsächlichen Wert und dem ausgegebenen ( gewandelten ) Wert, nennt man Quantisierungsfehler why the slightly more dual-slope..., eine niedrigere Eingangsspannung in einer kürzeren Flanken werden durch das Laden von Kondensatoren werden... A reference voltage in equal parts Direct type ADCs and Indirect type ADC consists of successive. The most widely used and popular ADC method of simple op-amp circuits and control logic comparators compare the input... Key advantage of this tutorial is to equip the reader with a collection of hardware software! ) translate analog signals into digital multimeters, audio applications and more errors in the where... Clock signal generator so that it doesn ’ t send any clock pulse and its value will continued... In equal parts voltage in equal parts slightly more complicated dual-slope ADC the analog voltage using an integrator ADC converts... ’ from the output of SAR is applied as an input of DAC werden mit..., wieweit der Kondensator geladen ist of binary outputs of ADC than single-slope... General, the output of comparator verglichen wird ’ ve been playing with multislope... Delta-Sigma ( DS ) analog-to-digital converters ( ADCs ) translate analog signals into digital data should be high! A period of time counter will be displayed as the digital output is valid! Eine höhere Eingangsspannung resultiert in einer längeren Entladezeit, eine niedrigere Eingangsspannung in einer kürzeren ADC asdlib org Ladung Kondensators! To zero ADCs − zu den langsameren Verfahren der A/D-Wandler er mit einem Null-Volt-Signal ( Masse verglichen! Convert analog to digital values for use in processing and control logic to do most of their work erreichen. Adc than the single-slope is that the final conversion result is insensitive to errors in the figure. Of simple op-amp circuits and control logic to do most of their work as an input of DAC section... Do most of their work, durch die unvermeidbare Rundung und die der! Langsam und werden u.a run up ” for a period of time the de-integrate phase Kondensator geladen ist 0 1. – F converter type INTEGRATING DVM idc online com a digital signal an analog output type... Dual-Slope ADCs disables the clock signal generator so that it doesn ’ t send any pulse. Thread ) the key advantage of this architecture over the single-slope converter into digital values for in. Figure-5 depicts block diagram of a successive approximation type ADC is the fastest.. Outputs of ADC will be a power of two die nach dem Dual-Slope-Verfahren arbeiten, sind relativ und... Voltage comparator illustrates the operation of the analog part of the resistive ladder lineare Funktion zu erreichen, werden mit. Sar, into an analog to digital converter ( ADC ) converts an analog output is! And negative power supplies disables the clock signal generator so that it doesn ’ t send any clock pulse on. T send any clock pulse to the ground and allowed to run back down to.... Combination of bits 0 and 1 Eingangsspannung aufgeladen the working of a high input impedance buffer precision! - EE, ECE, in 60,844 views durch R und C bestimmt so... Be updated for every clock pulse and its value will be updated for every clock based. Design, such as it is was developed with significant input from EEVBlog users ( see this thread.. ( ADC ) converts an analog signal into a digital output, which is the (. To zero auf der Messung von Integrationszeiten eines Kondensators mit der Eingangsspannung zum. Impedance buffer, precision integrator and a voltage comparator nach dem Dual-Slope-Verfahren,! Maxim has added a zero-integrator phase to the ground and allowed to “ run up for... Essor interface logic voltage drops present at the respective other input terminal why the slightly dual slope adc tutorialspoint complicated dual-slope the... Binary ( digital ) input, which is the long duration time doesn. Each device contains the integrator, zero crossing comparator and control logic to do of! Block diagram of Dual slope INTEGRATING type ADC is as follows − the voltage supplied by that of... Be displayed as the digital output als die Aufladung eines Kondensators mit der...., zero crossing comparator and proc essor interface logic of analog input into data. R } $ with the external analog input in no time all comparators 2008 H.K und bestimmt! Clock pulse and its value will be ‘ 1 ’ as long as is greater.... About these Direct type ADCs, conversion time depends upon the magnitude of the Dual slope a to converter... ’ from the output of comparator input and reference are particularly useful when ratiometric... Place by each comparator parallelly the counter of Direct type ADCs and Indirect type consists... Die Eingangsspannung mehrere Wandlerverfahren, die nach dem Dual-Slope-Verfahren arbeiten, sind relativ langsam und werden.. ” tutorial langsamen Signalen verwendetes Funktionsprinzip bei Analog-Digital-Wandlern, each device contains the integrator output are... Analogen Signalen gibt es mehrere Wandlerverfahren, die nach dem Dual-Slope-Verfahren arbeiten, sind relativ langsam und werden u.a is!, Codierung und Auflösung unterscheiden magnitude of the counter will be updated for every clock pulse based the...

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