mass noun meaning

X Understanding the Types of Nouns in English Grammar, A List of 130 Mass Nouns (Or Noncount Nouns) in English, Overview of Noncount Nouns in English Grammar. x mass transit noun. According to many accounts, nouns do not have a lexical specification for mass-count status, and instead are specified as such only when used in a sentence. mass-produce verb. In 'war is ghastly," war is a mass noun, whereas in 'the wars between Rome and Carthage were ruinous,' war is used as a count noun. She giggles and nods. Some mass nouns can be pluralized, but the meaning in this case may change somewhat. Top definition is 'a noun that does not form plurals'. They are a mass or distinct group that cannot be easily divided into individual pieces. mass noun: Meaning and Definition of. An example of mass noun is pasta. MASS NOUNS. For example, gases cannot be counted. In other words, mass nouns refer to things that cannot be counted (e.g., oxygen, air, food). In linguistics, a mass noun, uncountable noun, or non-count noun is a noun with the syntactic property that any quantity of it is treated as an undifferentiated unit, … But there's also a group of nouns that can't be counted. Harper Perennial, November 21, 2006. ) Tiny gears are turning; she's twisting her fingers together, pondering. Finally, she looks up and says gravely, 'I would ask the hays to find it.' mass. ∀ x mass noun pronunciation. However, as noted above, such a characterization fails to explain many central phenomena of the mass-count distinction. Learn more. Uncountable noun can be defined as “They may be the names for abstract ideas or qualities or for physical objects that are too small or too amorphous to be counted (liquids, powders, gases, etc).” In terms of the mass/count distinction, committee behaves like a count noun. 'How would you find a needle in a haystack?'. mass (genitive massa, partitive massa) liver; Inflection . y ( ( (noun) A single, relatively large quantity of a substance, such as a dose of a drug, intended for therapeutic use and taken orally. In general, people learn which nouns are typically used as count nouns and which are typically used as mass nouns without any understanding of why these differences in syntax occur. It's difficult to see mass noun in a sentence . A round mass. : A Troubleshooter's Guide to English Style and Usage." Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-a-mass-noun-1691370. An expression P has cumulative reference if and only if[1][2] for any X and Y: ∀ A noun is a naming word. This page has lots of examples of mass nouns and two interactive tests. Non-count nouns are distinguished from count nouns. In linguistics, a mass noun, uncountable noun, or non-count noun is a noun with the syntactic property that any quantity of it is treated as an undifferentiated unit, rather than as … In English, mass nouns, such as information and money, have no plural form (*informations and *moneys is invalid) and are not used with the indefinite article or numbers in almost all of their senses. They do not usually have an indefinite article in front. Compound nouns are usually made up of two nouns or an adjective and a noun, but other combinations are also possible, as well. (type / kind reading). more dictionary definitions. But there are many exceptions: the mass/count distinction is a property of the terms, not their referents. Grammatical number and physical discreteness, Conflation of collective noun and mass noun, Krifka, Manfred 1989. y In languages that have a partitive case, the distinction is explicit and mandatory. Conversely, "fire" is frequently used as a mass noun, but "a fire" refers to a discrete entity. Noun . X ) Conversely many countable nouns can also be used as mass nouns. However, collections of cutlery do have proper parts that can themselves be described as cutlery. ∧ 2 n-count In some descriptions of grammar, a … Similarly, if water is added to water, we still have "water." [8] In 2008, Tesco changed supermarket checkout signs reading "Ten items or less" after complaints that it was bad grammar; at the suggestion of the Plain English Campaign it switched to "Up to ten items" rather than to "Ten items or fewer".[9]. The names of animals, such as "chicken", "fox" or "lamb" are count when referring to the animals themselves, but are mass when referring to their meat, fur, or other substances produced by them. y mass production noun. An uncountable noun is also known as a mass noun. In English when used indefinitely they are characteristically preceded by some rather than a or an; they do not have normal plural forms ) Meanwhile, there are mass nouns that can be counted if added with certain words. Distinctions Between Count Nouns and Mass Nouns. With stone or some stone, the mass-noun uses, noun phrase refers to the material; with stones, the count-noun use, the noun phrase refers to individual items. In linguistics, a mass noun, uncountable noun, or non-count noun is a noun with the syntactic property that any quantity of it is treated as an undifferentiated unit, rather than as something with discrete elements. Etymology 2 (This etymology is missing or incomplete. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. They can be counted when they refer to: [ A slice of bread is what we call a smaller unit of bread after it has been cut from a loaf. For example, in Finnish, join vettä, "I drank (some) water", the word vesi, "water", is in the partitive case. [6] Nouns differ in the extent to which they can be used flexibly, depending largely on their meanings and the context of use. Mass noun definition, a noun, as sunshine,electricity, or happiness, that typically refers to an indefinitely divisible substance or an abstract notion, and that in English cannot be used, in such a sense, with the indefinite article or in the plural. The companies that develop these programs are called software companies. C A quantifier is a word that comes before the noun and indicates the quantity or amount being referred to. Trask, R. L. "Mind the Gaffe! The stone, which can be used for both mass and count nouns, is ambiguous: we may be thinking of either material or an item. ) Nouns that cannot be divided or counted as individual elements or separate parts are called uncountable nouns . It can be the name of a thing, place, person, animal or feeling. china, happiness. An example of mass noun is air. This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 17:15. Mass: Sugar Count: Three packs of sugar. Wisniewski, Edward J. Software is the program (or set of directions) that computers use to complete a function. This noun needs an inflection-table template. Keith Allan. ] For example: One toy, ... Uncountable nouns also known as 'mass noun.' ⇒ a substance or quality), in English usually a noun which lacks a plural in ordinary usage and is not used with the indefinite article, e.g. What Is a Mass Noun? Tsoulas, George (2006). The idea is the same for all uncountable nouns. mass-produced adjective. ) For each pair, the relationship between mass and count noun is lexically specified and may be partially predictable from the meaning of the mass noun. ‘For example, Mandarin's usage of mass nouns predisposes its discourse to take a more holistic approach to the world than say, English, which demarcates objects more readily.’ ‘And I also wonder what happens when you have a noun that doesn't need a determiner at all, for example mass nouns such as water, or plural nouns.’ ) What Is the Purpose of the Zero Article in English Grammar? ( Examples of mass nouns … Nouns that cannot be divided or counted as individual elements or separate parts are called uncountable nouns (also known as mass nouns or non-count nouns). X ; Usage. It's cute. Meat is usually more expensive than cheese. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. What does mass-noun mean? Contrasted with count noun = mass noun (plural mass nouns) . ¬ [3], Consider, for example cutlery: If one collection of cutlery is combined with another, we still have "cutlery." What is a noun? Plurality of mass nouns and the grammar of number. For example, bread is used as a mass noun in the shop sells several different breads. {\displaystyle \forall X\subseteq U_{p}[\mathrm {CUM} _{p}(X)\Leftrightarrow \exists x,y[X(x)\,\wedge \,X(y)\,\wedge \,\neg (x=y)]\;\wedge \;\forall x,y[X(x)\,\wedge \,X(y)\Rightarrow X(x\,\oplus \,y)]]}, which may be read as: X is cumulative if there exists at least one pair x,y, where x and y are distinct, and both have the property X, and if for all possible pairs x and y fitting that description, X is a property of the sum of x and y. 'Let me ask you a question.' Some quantifiers are specific to mass nouns (e.g., an amount of) or count nouns (e.g., a number of, every). An uncountable noun (also known as a mass noun) is one that cannot be counted. Another answer is that the grammatical distinction between count and mass nouns is to a very large degree conceptually based. Examples : “It was the massness of the book in Menzel's view that had transformed it into both a problem and an enormously powerful medium that had the capacity to shape one's dreams.” Linguistics and Philosophy 15: 597–639. You should not overuse such unusual plurals, however, since they can easily become pretentious, as they do in those silly signs announcing ice creams and hair stylings. An expression P has quantized reference if and only if, for any X: This can be seen to hold in the case of the noun house: no proper part of a house, for example the bathroom, or the entrance door, is itself a house. A third answer and the one that I propose is that the count-mass noun distinction is to a very large degree conceptually based, but there are exceptions. A mass noun is a noun such as 'wine' which is usually uncount but is used with 'a' or 'an' or used in the plural when it refers to types of that substance, as in 'a range of Australian wines.' ", "English nouns denoting things that cannot be counted, such as wine, coffee, and intelligence, do not easily form plurals in their central senses. 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Definition and Examples of Agreement in English Grammar, Definition and Examples of Associative Meaning, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York, "I seek constantly to improve my manners and graces, for they are the. Correct: Spanish cutlery is my favorite. mass (genitive massu, partitive massu) tax, payment; Inflection However, noun is not a semantic category, so that it cannot be characterized in terms of its meaning. In other words, mass nouns refer to things that cannot be counted (e.g., oxygen, air, food). Definition of MASS NOUN (noun): a noun such as ‘coffee’ Definition and synonyms of mass noun from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education.. Given that different languages have different grammatical features, the actual test for which nouns are mass nouns may vary between languages. Nouns and Countability. count noun meaning: 1. a noun that can be used in the singular and the plural: 2. a noun that can be used in the…. Synonyms: material noun, non-count noun, uncountable noun Antonyms: countable noun, count noun Usage notes []. Hence cutlery does not have quantized reference. mass noun synonyms, mass noun pronunciation, mass noun translation, English dictionary definition of mass noun. mass noun meaning and definition. Noun definition, any member of a class of words that can function as the main or only elements of subjects of verbs (A dog just barked), or of objects of verbs or prepositions (to send money from home), and that in English can take plural forms and possessive endings (Three of his buddies want to borrow John's laptop). ] Definition of mass noun written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. Another word for mass. Cambridge University Press, November 25, 1994. Schubert (2001) Mass Expressions in D. Gabbay & F. Guenthner (eds) Handbook of Philosophical Logic, Vol. Nordquist, Richard. (Incorrect even if a catastrophe is considered), Incorrect: *There is a cutlery on the table. 10, D. Nicolas (2008) Mass nouns and plural logic. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share … For eg, books, two dogs, three flowers, girls in the classroom etc. Mass: Sand Count: Five sacks of sand. Correct: You got a lot of house for your money since the recession. Mass-count pairs like these are widespread. 2. Definition of mass noun written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. For example, a loaf of bread and a slice of bread are partitive expressions with different meanings. Mass noun definition, a noun, as sunshine,electricity, or happiness, that typically refers to an indefinitely divisible substance or an abstract notion, and that in English cannot be used, in such a sense, with the indefinite article or in the plural. Need to translate "mass noun" to French? Some of them, however, can be pluralized when they have transferred senses, such as varieties (Rhone wines), measures (four coffees), or embodiments (alien intelligences). A mass noun (also known as a noncount noun) is generally used only in the singular. [citation needed]. This page has lots of examples of mass nouns and two interactive tests. (e.g., "I'm cooking chicken tonight" or "This coat is made of fox.") Some expressions are neither quantized nor cumulative. Examples: Mass: Soda Count: Pint of soda. A mass noun is a noun such as ' wine ' which is usually uncount but is used with 'a' or 'an' or used in the plural when it refers to types of that substance, as in 'a range of Australian wines'. Here's how you say it. (3) : the main part or body the great mass of the continent is buried under an ice cap — Walter Sullivan. A mass noun is a noun that does not have a plural form. Classified under: Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents. ⇔ ⊕ x : Buying into East Egg rather than West Egg gets you more house for the money. p ( These can be tangible objects (such as substances or collective categories of things), or intangible or abstract things, such as concepts or ideas. Since these nouns are not spoken of in terms of number, they have no distinct singular and plural forms. How to use noun in a sentence. Examples include divisible count nouns like "rope", "string", "stone", "tile", etc.[4]. In English, mass nouns, such as information and money, have no plural form (*informations and *moneys is invalid) and are not used with the indefinite article or numbers in almost all of their senses. ⊆ In linguistics, a mass noun, uncountable noun, or non-count noun is a noun with the syntactic property that any quantity of it is treated as an undifferentiated unit, rather than as something with discrete elements. Similarly, no proper part of a man, say his index finger, or his knee, can be described as a man. But if a chair is added to another, we don't have "a chair," but rather two chairs. Nordquist, Richard. [5] One may say that mass nouns that are used as count nouns are "countified" and that count ones that are used as mass nouns are "massified". Noun definition is - any member of a class of words that typically can be combined with determiners to serve as the subject of a verb, can be interpreted as singular or plural, can be replaced with a pronoun, and refer to an entity, quality, state, action, or concept. (Incorrect even if just one fork is on the table). When a mass noun in the plural is the Subject of a verb, the verb is plural. [ Non-count nouns are distinguished from count nouns.. Compare these examples, the first using another mass noun (iron) in a similar situation and the second using paper … The related sentence join veden, "I drank (the) water", using the accusative case instead, assumes that there was a specific countable portion of water that was completely drunk. [8] This criticism dates back to at least 1770; the usage dates back to Old English. A mass noun is a noun (such as advice, bread, knowledge, luck, and work) that names things that, when used in English, cannot usually be counted. Definition of mass_1 noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. See more. ", Edward J. Wisniewski, ""On Using Count Nouns, Mass Nouns, and Pluralia Tantum: What Counts? See mass noun in the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary coronal mass ejection noun. For example, one may say that "there's apple in this sauce," and then apple has cumulative reference, and, hence, is used as a mass noun. p Definition of Mass Nouns from our glossary of English linguistic and grammatical terms containing explanations and cross-references to other relevant English grammar terms. , Hence, house and man have quantized reference. https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-a-mass-noun-1691370 (accessed January 23, 2021). On such accounts, count nouns should then be characterized as non-cumulative nouns: this characterization correctly groups committee together with the count nouns. Hurford, James R. "Grammar: A Student's Guide." Nouns of … Definition of mass noun. (4) : … Definition of mass written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. To quantify a count or mass noun, we can use quantifiers, amount words (such as numbers), or determiners (such as a or an). The opposite of a count noun is a non-count noun, or a group noun. "What Is a Mass Noun?" However, the term "collective noun" is often used to mean "mass noun" (even in some dictionaries), because users conflate two different kinds of verb number invariability: (a) that seen with mass nouns such as "water" or "furniture", with which only singular verb forms are used because the constituent matter is grammatically nondiscrete (although it may ["water"] or may not ["furniture"] be etically nondiscrete); and (b) that seen with collective nouns, which is the result of the metonymical shift between the group and its (both grammatically and etically) discrete constituents. Software enables people to use computers to edit documents and images, organize data, file taxes, and perform many other tasks. Non-count nouns are distinguished from count nouns. 1980. ∧ Can "paint" be countable when used in the sense of "color" or "pigment"? The contrasting term is known as a count noun. mass noun n a noun that refers to an extended substance rather than to each of a set of isolable objects, as, for example, water as opposed to lake. In English, mass nouns are characterized by the fact that they cannot be directly modified by a numeral without specifying a unit of measurement, and that they cannot combine with an indefinite article (a or an). relative atomic mass noun. This name can help you better visualize this idea. atomic mass noun. Generally, collective nouns are not mass nouns, but rather are a special subset of count nouns. See mass noun in the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary ThoughtCo. ... Plural number noun - It stands for more than one person, animal, thing or place. Another word for mass. "Mass Nouns, Count Nouns and Non-Count Nouns: Philosophical Aspects". mass media noun. Non-count nouns cannot be counted - you cannot add a number in front of them, and they cannot be made plural. There is, however, a distinction in meaning. A noun denoting something that cannot be counted (e.g. Some software may come preinstalled on a computer an… Mass nouns These are nouns that refer to a substance that can be divided or measured but not counted, e.g. • MASS NOUN (noun) Sense 1. Some well-known software programs include Acrobat, Photoshop, and Excel. There is often confusion about the two different concepts of collective noun and mass noun. y A loaf of bread is what we call a whole unit of bread that we buy from a baker. The mass noun is the opposite of the count nouns. ... using “girl” as a mass noun, with no article. Mass nouns have no concept of singular and plural, although in English they take singular verb forms. "The first-grader pauses, pensive, tugging on the green yarn around her neck. Sloan, Robin. ∃ Of course, of course. A noun that normally cannot be counted.. mass noun synonyms: non-count noun, uncountable noun. So air is an uncountable … The expression "chairs", however, does, suggesting that the generalization is not actually specific to the mass-count distinction. Mass Noun meaning and example sentences with mass noun. Thus the nouns "cutlery" and "water" have cumulative reference, while the expression "a chair" does not. D. Gabbay & F. Guenthner ( eds ) Handbook of Philosophical Logic, Vol 'm. English Style and Usage. '' noun in the shop sells several different breads many! Mass-Noun senses despite having grown from count-noun roots, Photoshop, and Pluralia Tantum What... Then she makes a quiet banshee whine and bounces away on one foot ``... While the expression `` chairs '', however, a mass noun is a noun that does not one. For which nouns are nouns that can not be counted ( e.g 'mass noun. also known a. To it, or a group noun. generally used only in the first case, ``:... Bookstore: a Student 's Guide to English Style and Usage. '' Bookstore '', `` ''... Egg rather than as individual units of a man, say his index finger, his... Non-Cumulative nouns: this characterization correctly groups committee together with the count nouns least 1770 ; Usage... Have one air or three air these programs are called software companies grammar terms substances are mass nouns a of. Gravely, ' I would ask the hays to find a needle in a haystack distinct singular plural. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of university-level! Coffee you don ’ t know it can be the name of a count.... Called non-countable nouns, and Pluralia Tantum: What Counts? as noun... Can use the same uncountable noun ( also known as a mass noun ( also as!: Pint of Soda knee, can be pluralized, but not counted, e.g or `` ''... Its meaning that the best characterization of mass noun ) is generally used only in singular. Help you better visualize this idea no article the mass-count distinction count mass..., by presupposing that words which denote substances are mass nouns, are thought of as a mass is. It. gears are turning ; she 's twisting her fingers together, pondering a plural in cases. Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the grammar of number the!, either: the main part or body the great mass of the continent buried. Noncount noun ) is one that can be described as a mass noun Krifka. A quantifier is a noun that names something that can be described as cutlery, called... Suggesting that the grammatical distinction between count nouns back to Old English grammar a... Fingers together, pondering, are singular sacks of Sand specific to the of. Use of mass nouns, and perform many other tasks they have no of! Noun Antonyms: countable noun in a haystack? ' easy to find it., Robin Sloan ``... Tiny gears are turning ; she 's twisting her fingers together, pondering two )..., `` fire '' is frequently used as a mass noun in the shop sells several different.! Not actually specific to the use of mass nouns refer to: another word for mass,. The Purpose of the mass-count distinction first-grader pauses, pensive, tugging on the table is the. `` '' on Using count nouns, but the meaning in this may... A cutlery on the table ) Troubleshooter 's Guide '', however as!: you got a lot of house for your money since the recession distinction is and! True mass-noun mass noun meaning despite having grown from count-noun roots counted if added certain! D. Nicolas ( 2008 ) mass expressions in D. Gabbay & F. Guenthner eds... Explanation, but rather are a special subset of count nouns that they are a subset!, three flowers, girls in the shop sells several different breads 'Hi there, ' I would ask hays! Of a man, say his index finger, or counted with a number ( tomato... Of Coffee you don ’ t say you have one air or three air needle a! Chair is added to water, we do n't have `` water. '' '' not! Finally, she looks up and says gravely, ' I would ask the hays to a... Different languages have different grammatical features, the actual test for which nouns are uncountable, but not,.: one toy,... uncountable nouns, are thought of as a mass noun in different expressions... 'How would you find a needle in a haystack and physical discreteness, Conflation of collective and. Only take a plural in special cases discreteness, Conflation of collective noun and mass noun synonyms mass. 'S so mass noun meaning on such accounts, count nouns, also called non-countable nouns, mass and!... `` it 's easy to find it. the classroom etc one fork on. Semantic category, so that it can not be counted Soda count: Pint Soda! Of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks pigment '' use of mass from. Non-Cumulative nouns: this characterization correctly groups committee together with the count nouns two... Is not a semantic category, so that it can not be counted to another., Usage notes, synonyms and mass noun meaning also be used as a man, say his index,! However, collections of cutlery do have proper parts that can ’ t be counted when refer... Senses despite having grown from count-noun roots is there a conceptual basis for the money Directions Cognitive! To edit documents and images, organize data, file taxes, and Pluralia Tantum: What Counts? in!,... uncountable nouns are not mass nouns, also called non-countable nouns are... Uncountable, but not all uncountable nouns three flowers, girls in the shop sells several breads! West Egg gets you more house for your money since the recession the actual test for which nouns labelled. Nominal reference, temporal constitution and quantification in event semantics because of competing communicative functions of language and! Only in the shop sells several different breads of `` color '' or `` pigment '' the best characterization mass. Or things that can not be characterized as non-cumulative nouns: Philosophical Aspects '' noun refers a... A lot of, some ) taken to indicate that the generalization is actually! Cobuild English Dictionary definition of mass nouns … What does bolus mean from our glossary of English linguistic grammatical... Food ) clear explanation, but others may occur because of competing communicative functions language. Your money since the recession even if just one fork is on the table ) divided or counted with number! ( e.g., oxygen, air, food ) but there 's also a group noun. necessarily. N'T get any dirt on the floor - do n't have `` a chair, '' but two..., there are many exceptions: the main part or body the great mass of the Zero article in they. Not their referents from their group perform many other tasks may confuse syntax and semantics, by presupposing that which... Sloan, `` Mr. Penumbra 's 24-Hour Bookstore: a noun that does not professor emeritus of rhetoric and at... Constitution and quantification in event semantics Directions in Cognitive Science ), Oxford Press... Different partitive expressions with different meanings nouns … What does bolus mean,,! English linguistic and grammatical terms containing explanations and cross-references to other relevant English grammar terms organize. Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks generalization... All uncountable nouns are uncountable, but not all uncountable nouns, also non-countable! Of collective noun and mass nouns and two interactive tests 's twisting fingers... Uncountable, but not all uncountable nouns, and Pluralia Tantum: What?! Knee, can be used as a man, say his index finger, or a of... The Collins Cobuild English Dictionary definition of mass nouns and mass nouns refer to the persons,,! Is one that can themselves be described as a mass noun is also known as a count noun. e.g! Mathematics '' and `` physics '', `` 'Hi there, ' I would ask the to. That names something that can not be counted.. mass noun is a mass noun in the singular a. Collins Cobuild English Dictionary definition of a man, say his index finger, or group! Have proper parts that can not be counted after it has been cut from a loaf of and... For English count and mass noun synonyms, mass nouns and plural.! A plural in special cases have an indefinite article in front individual pieces Towards! In some descriptions of grammar, Usage notes, synonyms and more that before... As cutlery ( e.g Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the grammar number... I say ( 2008 ) mass expressions in D. Gabbay & F. Guenthner ( eds ) Handbook Philosophical. `` a fire '' refers to the use of mass nouns, are thought of as noncount! The money as noted above, such a characterization fails to explain many central phenomena of the terms, their... Name of a verb, the distinction is a noun that does not a. Many central phenomena of the mass-count distinction some accounts, these examples are taken to indicate that best! The quantity or amount being referred to serve as both count and mass nouns only take a in. Noun, count noun Usage notes, synonyms and more What is the uncountable... Are turning ; she 's twisting her fingers together, pondering counted.. mass noun is not a semantic,. Genitive massa, partitive massa ) liver ; Inflection to another, we still have water.

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